Spc. Christopher Holmstadt, with the 503rd Maintenance Company Motor Pool section, trouble-shoots an M109A3 that's having problems holding a charge at the generator. (ARMY)
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Tens of thousands of soldiers must retrain and switch specialties to move their careers forward as a result of the latest overhaul to the Army's job classification system.
The changes apply to active, Reserve and Guard troops and bring an end to a nine-year effort to recode officer and enlisted military occupational specialties and take effect this summer. Thousands of ordnance soldiers will get a new career-field designator, some MOSs will disappear with the vintage weapons that they serviced, and the Army will establish a new career field in electronic warfare.
The new job codes and reclassifications take effect Oct. 1, but personnel records and unit manning documents will be updated beginning June 1.
What's going, what's new
Major changes scheduled for this year include recoding all Ordnance Corps jobs to CMF 91, a new career management field designator for mechanical maintenance troops. In the process, nearly 20 Ordnance Corps specialties will be eliminated; 17 others remain.
Ordnance is the second largest branch with about 115,000 soldiers, behind quartermaster with more than 130,000.
In another action, the National Guard and Army Reserve are eliminating the 14R and 14M specialties, which operate the Bradley Linebacker and man-portable air defense systems.
Three commissioned officer specialties — AOC 14B, 14D and 14E — dealing with short-range air defense systems, and the Hawk and Patriot missile systems will also be deleted. Officers will be transferred to 14A, the lone area of concentration for air defense artillery.
Two special codes are used for enlisted soldiers:
• An additional skill identifier, or ASI, is used to designate enlisted soldiers with a special skill closely associated with a specialty, but is not taught in the basic MOS course. Usually it is related to a certain piece of equipment or special function, Newman said.
• A special qualification identifier, or SQI, represents a skill set that normally is not associated with a particular enlisted MOS but has Army-wide application, such as airborne qualifications, drill sergeant and detailed recruiting.
Highlights of other changes scheduled for Oct 1 include:
• A new special reporting code, 09Q, to identify and manage enlisted soldiers assigned to the Legal Immigrant Healthcare Professional Officer Candidate Program.
Once the soldier is commissioned, the reporting code will be replaced by his or her branch specialty code.
• The deletion of enlisted MOS 44C, financial management technician, and the transfer of soldiers to new MOS 36B.
• A new additional skill identifier, N8, to track warrant officers and enlisted soldiers who complete the Combat Service Support Automation Management Office Course. Skills taught in the newly redesigned course are associated with several support and service MOSs.
• The elimination of specialties for two vintage weapons systems, warrant officer MOS 152G for the AH-1 Cobra attack helicopter and AOC 14D for commissioned officers for the Hawk air defense missile.
• New skill identifiers U8 and U9 to identify and track personnel, both officers and enlisted, and positions associated with asymmetric warfare operations.
An upcoming change, unrelated to ADS XXI, will see officer, warrant officer and enlisted engineer soldiers recoded from 21 series specialties to 12 series codes in 2011, Newman said.
Also on tap for 2011 will be the establishment of a new branch, Logistics BR 90, for commissioned officers.
Newman said actions related to the branch are ongoing.
"The personnel side of this is not particularly complex; it's the documentation [unit manning authorizations] that we're wrestling with," he said.
Newman said the realignment that takes effect Oct. 1 includes the last of the Army Development System XXI proposals approved by Army leaders nearly 10 years ago.
"It has taken us this long because of the massive changes involving both positions and personnel," Newman said.
The recoding effort began as an outgrowth of the ADS XXI study that called for development of multiskilled soldiers, a sharp reduction in the number of enlisted specialties and a standard job coding system for the Army, including officer, enlisted, active-duty and reserve components.
Specialties that change undergo a three-year review between the time they are proposed by service schools and other specialty proponents until their effective date.
Because the Army is constantly changing, Newman said there are at least 100 changes to the system each year.
When ADS XXI began, the Army had more than 200 entry-level MOSs. Now it has about 150.
• http://armytimes.com/mos2010">Complete fiscal 2010 MOS list